An Integrated Paradigm for Coaching, Counseling, and Psychotherapy


An Integrated Paradigm for Coaching, Counseling, and Psychotherapy is defined as “a functional model depicting an integrated approach to human psychological wellbeing that purposefully amalgamates and strategically applies only the most potent, proven, and prudent psychotherapeutic theories and interventions that have been shown to promote affective and cognitive integration.”

Modalities Triangle 

The first determination a Clinician ought to make is which form of treatment a presenting individual may require. It is an error to lack specificity regarding the various modalities that exist within an applied psychology, when in fact there are at least three unique categorical forms we can articulate.

Coaching includes methodologies such as guidance and mentoring. The focus is upon Mind/Brain enhancement.

Counseling refers to assistance offered regarding particular problems and/or situations. Its focus is upon Mind/Brain solutions.

Psychotherapy is a form of treatment for manifest psychopathology or for those desiring a deep process that focuses upon Mind/Brain Healing.

Technical Universe

There are numerous interventions and techniques that have developed over the course of time in psychology. A sampling of these is offered and is arranged via Cheston’s Ways Paradigm that includes “ways of being, understanding, and intervening.” The lower left corner contains “Ways of Being,” the right corner “Ways of Understanding,” and the top corner “Ways of Intervening.”

Dimensions Quadrilateral

In the history of psychology there have emerged four main “schools” or “orientations” that might also reveal a conceptualized model of “dimensions of mind.” Dynamic refers to the affective psychodynamics as influenced by one’s developmental history and personality design. Cognitive seeks to capture and understand human thoughts and behaviors. Existential refers to the process of understanding and meaning making as a human “being.” Social addresses the individual’s experiences with various collectives and institutions in life (family, groups, etc.)

These Dimensions can serve the Clinician in diagnosis as well as treatment. Various experiences and situations can be “located,” theoretical understandings applied, and treatment interventions selected and affected utilizing this model.

Personological Domains

Modern integrative thinkers consider the human person to be a “Soul that lives in a Body that produces a Mind.” These Domains are then ways in which we conceptualize life and interpret our experiences.  For the Clinician these Domains also serve in gaining specificity of diagnosis and treatment, but on a deeper and more personal level. Origins of problems and situations can be determined (physical, mental, spiritual), and highly specific and individualized interventions can be developed and implemented.

Integrated Dynamics

The Integrated Dynamics represent ten (10) attributes that highly integrated persons develop and utilize in their lives. Hence, we might say that these are the most desirable qualities one might seek to understand, adopt, and develop in pursuit of affective and cognitive integration.


An Integrated Paradigm for Coaching, Counseling, and Psychotherapy™ describes a contemporary psychological approach that purposefully integrates existing psychological theories and interventions in order to promote affective and cognitive integration. As such, it does not represent a new theory or school of psychology, but is instead a means of employing evidence-based concepts and treatment modalities in a manner that maximizes their healing potentials.

Dr. Michael E. Ludwig, PhD

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